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WordSmith Tools has developed over the last few decades. Originally each tool came about because I wanted a tool for a particular job in my work as an Applied Linguist. Early versions were written for DOS, then Windows came onto the scene.


One tool, Concord, had a slightly different history. It developed out of MicroConcord which Tim Johns and I wrote for DOS and which Oxford University Press published in 1993.


The first published version (1996) was written in Borland Pascal with the time-critical sections in Assembler. Subsequently the programs were converted to Delphi 16-bit; this is a 32-bit only version written in Delphi XE and still using time-critical sections in Assembler.


I am grateful to

lots of users who have made suggestions and given bug reports, for their feedback on aspects of the suite (including bugs!), and suggestions as to features it should have.

generations of students and colleagues at the School of English, University of Liverpool, the MA Programme in Applied Linguistics at the Catholic University of São Paulo, colleagues and students at Aston University.

Audrey Spina, Élodie Guthmann and Julia Hotter for their help with the French & German versions of WS 4.0; Spela Vintar's student for Slovenian; Zhu Yi and others at SFLEP in Shanghai for Mandarin for WS 5.0.

Robert Jędrzejczyk ( for his PasLibVCLPlayer which enables WordSmith to play video.

Danilo Demarco ( for his CC link icon.

Picol ( for icons for text alignment.


Researchers from many other countries have also acted as alpha-testers and beta-testers and I thank them for their patience and feedback. I am also grateful to Nell Scott and other members of my family who have always given valuable support, feedback and suggestions.


Mike Scott

Feel free to email me at my contact address with any further ideas for developing WordSmith Tools.