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WordSmith Tools has developed over a period of years. Originally each tool came about because I wanted a tool for a particular job in my work as an Applied Linguist. Early versions were written for DOS, then Windows came onto the scene.


One tool, Concord, had a slightly different history. It developed out of MicroConcord which Tim Johns and I wrote for DOS and which Oxford University Press published in 1993. Concord has a lot of additional features in this Windows version and all the code has been re-written, but the essential features of the design were there in MicroConcord.


The first published version was written in Borland Pascal with the time-critical sections in Assembler. Subsequently the programs were converted to Delphi 16-bit; this is a 32-bit only version written in Delphi 2007 and still using time-critical sections in Assembler.


I am grateful to

lots of users who have made suggestions and given bug reports,
generations of students and colleagues at the School of English, University of Liverpool, and the MA Programme in Applied Linguistics at the Catholic University of São Paulo
Audrey Spina, Élodie Guthmann and Julia Hotter for their help with the French & German versions; Spela Vintar's student for Slovenian; Zhu Yi and others at SFLEP in Shanghai for Mandarin.


for their feedback on aspects of the suite (including bugs!), and suggestions as to features it should have. Researchers from many other countries have also acted as alpha-testers and beta-testers and I thank them for their patience and feedback. I am also grateful to Nell Scott and other members of my family who have always given valuable support, feedback and suggestions.


Mike Scott

Feel free to email me at my contact address with any further ideas for developing WordSmith Tools.

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